Anthropic Constants: Fined tuned conditions required for life on Earth

Anthropic Constant 1: Oxygen Level—On earth, oxygen comprises 21 percent of the atmosphere. That precise figure is an anthropic constant that makes life on earth possible. If oxygen were 25 percent, fires would erupt spontaneously; if it were 15 percent, human beings would suffocate.

Anthropic Constant 2: Atmospheric Transparency—The small window the astronauts must hit reflects the exacting standards by which the universe has been designed. While the atmosphere presents a reentry problem for the astronauts, its present qualities are absolutely essential for life here on earth. The degree of transparency of the atmosphere is an anthropic constant. If the atmosphere were less transparent, not enough solar radiation would reach the earth’s surface. If it were more transparent, we would be bombarded with far too much solar radiation down here. (In addition to atmospheric transparency, the atmospheric composition of precise levels of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ozone are in themselves anthropic constants.)

Anthropic Constant 3: Moon-Earth Gravitational Interaction—As the astronauts begin to sling around the moon, they encounter another anthropic constant. This one regards the gravitational interaction that the earth has with a moon. If the interaction were greater than it currently is, tidal effects on the oceans, atmosphere, and rotational period would be too severe. If it were less, orbital changes would cause climatic instabilities. In either event, life on earth would be impossible.

Anthropic Constant 4: Carbon Dioxide Level—Of course such a rig is not necessary here on earth because just the right level of carbon dioxide is maintained naturally in the earth’s atmosphere. This is another anthropic constant. If the CO2 level were higher than it is now, a runaway greenhouse effect would develop (we’d all burn up). If the level were lower than it is now, plants would not be able to maintain efficient photosynthesis (we’d all suffocate).

Anthropic Constant 5: Gravity—The gravity that is pulling the astronauts back home is still another anthropic constant. Its strength may be terrifying, but it couldn’t be any different for life to exist here on earth. If the gravitational force were altered by 0.00000000000000000000000000000000000001 percent, our sun would not exist, and, therefore, neither would we. Talk about precision!

  1. If the centrifugal force of planetary movements did not precisely balance the gravitational forces, nothing could be held in orbit around the sun.
  1. If the universe had expanded at a rate one millionth more slowly than it did, expansion would have stopped, and the universe would have collapsed on itself before any stars had formed. If it had expanded faster, then no galaxies would have formed.
  1. Any of the laws of physics can be described as a function of the velocity of light (now defined to be 299,792,458 meters per second). Even a slight variation in the speed of light would alter the other constants and preclude the possibility of life on earth.
  1. If water vapor levels in the atmosphere were greater than they are now, a runaway greenhouse effect would cause temperatures to rise too high for human life; if they were less, an insufficient greenhouse effect would make the earth too cold to support human life.
  1. If Jupiter were not in its current orbit, the earth would be bombarded with space material. Jupiter’s gravitational field acts as a cosmic vacuum cleaner, attracting asteroids and comets that might otherwise strike earth.
  1. If the thickness of the earth’s crust were greater, too much oxygen would be transferred to the crust to support life. If it were thinner, volcanic and tectonic activity would make life impossible.
  1. If the rotation of the earth took longer than twenty-four hours, temperature differences would be too great between night and day. If the rotation period were shorter, atmospheric wind velocities would be too great.
  1. The 23-degree axil tilt of the earth is just right. If the tilt were altered slightly, surface temperatures would be too extreme on earth.
  1. If the atmospheric discharge (lightning) rate were greater, there would be too much fire destruction; if it were less, there would be too little nitrogen fixing in the soil.
  1. If there were more seismic activity, much more life would be lost; if there was less, nutrients on the ocean floors and in river runoff would not be cycled back to the continents through tectonic uplift. (Yes, even earthquakes are necessary to sustain life as we know it!)

Astrophysicist Hugh Ross has calculated the probability that these and other constants—122 in all—would exist today for any planet in the universe by chance (i.e., without divine design). Assuming there are 10^22 planets in the universe (a very large number: 1 with 22 zeros following it), his answer is shocking: one chance in 10^138—that’s one chance in one with 138 zeros after it! There are only 10^70 atoms in the entire universe. In effect, there is zero chance that any planet in the universe would have the life-supporting conditions we have, unless there is an intelligent Designer behind it all.

Geisler, Norman L.. I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist (Foreword by David Limbaugh) (p. 98-106). Crossway. Kindle Edition.

Habits of Grace

Habits of grace Enjoying Jesus through the Spiritual Disciples

Concepts Book Review

Hear His Voice

1. Preach the Gospel to self. For Example:

1. We are all sinners, and our sin needs payment

2. God himself through Christ payed for our sins by his death on the cross, and therefore is now exalted at the right hand of the Father in heaven.

3. If we accept Jesus and proclaim him as Lord, he will intercede for us at the right hand of the Father and will be the payment for our sin. This gives us eternal life in heaven with Jesus, the Father, and the Holy Spirit.

4. By rejecting Jesus, we pay the sin for ourselves in eternity.

2. Read the bible

* Meditate over the gems of God’s word

* As meditation is the best prep for prayer, so prayer is the best issue of meditation.

* Scripture is personal, it talks to you!

3. Memorize Scripture

While memorization is not the goal, understanding is. It gives us a mind closer to the mind of Christ.

4. The center of lifelong learning for the Christian is this: knowing and enjoying God himself in Christ through the Gospel word and written word of the scripture – in hearing, reading, and memorizing the bible.

Have his Ear: Prayer

1. Prayer is not about getting things from God… but from getting God

He is more ready to hear us than we are to pray. Prayer is both scheduled and spontaneous.

2. Closet prayer

a) Pray in private

b) begin with scripture

c) adore, confess, thank, and ask OR ACTS: Ask, confess, thanksgiving, supplication

d) Divulge desires

e) Added power to prayer when agreed upon. When multiple people agree on the same prayer, it adds more power to the prayer.

3. Fasting

a) w/ others

b) non-food fasts

4. Journaling – not essential because Jesus didn’t even do it 😉

Improve writing Skills

Practice the habits of grace

a) self examination

b) meditate on verses and puzzle with scriptures

c) dream about new endeavors

Keep it simple and private.

5. Solitude – take time away from people in order to be closer to God

a) journal

b) pray to God for insight before going alone

c) Reflect

d) Don’t force it.. relax

6. Fellowship

Allows building each other up, you can confess your sins to each other, be in prayer, keeping each other in faith, good listening is an act of love and asks good questions. Good listening helps hearing from God.

We were made to worship Jesus together. Corporate worship is the single most important means of grace and our greatest weapon in the fight for joy because it combines his word, prayer, worship, and fellowship. An example would be bible study or community group. Worship is the end of itself, happiness in god.

7. Preaching

True christian preaching magnifies Christ, not the hearer or speaker. Good preaching allows the bridge (Church) to encounter the groom (Christ) through the preaching of his word.

Preaching reveals Christ to us.

5 Graces of Preaching

1. Forget ourselves

2. To fill our faith our souls are strengthened by the preached Gospel

3. Further Sanctification – grow in grace

4. To build up Christs body. Good preaching is faithful to the word.

5. To Encounter Jesus.

The Lords Supper either brings blessing (us Closer to Christ) or judgment (farther from Christ) for those in sin or unbelievers

1. It proclaims Jesus death

2. Spiritual union with Christ

The blessings of Rebuke

* Calling others to correction is a great act of love

* Whoever hates reproof will die

* Whoever heeds reproof is honored

The Lord reproves him whom he loves

Before rebuking someone, pray for them, and be kind in the rebuke. If you have the same sin as them, focus on yourself first. Follow up rebuke later if needed. James 5:19-20.

The CODA Commission

When our life in Jesus is healthy, we not only ache for him but we want to spread the gospel to others.

Discipleship

a) Sharing the gospel with the un-churched may reliven the Christian spirit.

b) Helps us be honest in our sin, we die to selfishness

C) Lean heavier on Jesus

d) We don’t center on ourselves but on Jesus

The dollar

Generosity is a means of grace. 2 Corinthains 9. We can’t out-give god.

The clock.

Time > money